From an epidemiological standpoint, what are the consequences of global trade policy on national diet trends?

This discussion will explore the complex relationship between national diets and global trade policies, examining its epidemiological implications. In my role as a nutritionist and dietician, I'll shed some light on the interconnectedness of these disparate factors in shaping health outcomes for populations.

Understanding the impact of global trade on diet trends is important

It is important to understand the effects of global trade policy on diet trends for a number of reasons. Global trade is a major factor in determining the affordability and availability of foodstuffs across countries. In turn, this influences the eating habits of the populace. Stuckler, Stuckler, and Stuckler, 2012 found, for example, that the liberalization of trade policies resulted in an increase in consumption in countries with low- and middle income.

Second, global trade has a significant impact on public health. A diet rich in sugar and salt, as well as saturated fats is linked to non-communicable illnesses such obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. The World Health Organization states that non-communicable illnesses account for 71% all global deaths, highlighting the need to address the root cause of these diet shifts.

Important Points

It's also important to take into account the impact of national policies when analyzing global trade policy implications on national diet trends. Although global trade can open up new markets, national policies still have the power to shape the food climate within a particular country. Through taxation, subsidy, and regulation, the government can either encourage or discourage consumption of specific food products.

It's also important to consider the social-economic aspects. Low-income individuals are most likely to suffer from these changes in diet, since they lack access to healthier food choices.

Global Trade Policy Examples and Dietary Trends

Other Suggestions

A comprehensive approach is needed to address the impact of global trade policy on national diet trends. It is important to implement domestic policies that encourage healthy eating and regulate the marketing practices used by food companies. It's also important that countries consider the health implications when they negotiate trade agreements.


In conclusion, international trade policies have a significant impact on national dietary patterns with wide-reaching implications for epidemiology. In light of the increasing incidences of diet-related diseases, which are non-communicable in nature, it is important to understand and address these root causes. It is important to understand and address the impact of global trade policy on our food environment.